Definitions and Conventions for Electrical Safety
For the purpose of the Electrical Network Safety Rules, the following meanings and definitions apply:
Authorised Engineering Organisation (AEO), see Technically Assured Organisation (TAO).
|Accredited Person||A person who has successfully completed approved Electrical Training.|
Any aerial conductor or conductors with associated supports, insulators and other equipment erected, or in the course of erection, for the purpose of the transmission, distribution or conveyance of electrical energy.
Aerial Line Earthing Set
A set of earthing equipment used to electrically connect isolated high voltage aerial conductors together (including overhead earth wire, where installed) to earth. Aerial Line Earthing Sets are suitable for earthing up to 4 conductors and are provided with a single long down lead to reach from the pole top to the ground.
Unless otherwise stated, this means approved in writing by the Associate Director Electrical Distribution Unit or a person nominated for that purpose by the Associate Director Electrical Distribution Unit.
Associate Director Electrical Distribution Unit
Refers to the Associate Director Electrical Distribution Unit, in Engineering and System Integrity, a business unit within Sydney Trains Engineering and Maintenance Branch.
Has the permission of the appropriate organisation in writing for the duty concerned as detailed in PR D 78701 Personnel Certifications – Electrical.
A person who is specifically authorised to perform electrical work near, on/within and in the vicinity of equipment that forms part of the Transport Asset Holding Entity of New South Wales (TAHE) electrical network.
Authorised Person (Low voltage)
An Authorised Person (Low voltage) or a Qualified Electrician who is authorised for the relevant duties. Refer to PR D 78701 Personnel Certifications – Electrical for details of relevant duties.
Authorised Person (Mains)
An Authorised Overhead Traction Worker, Authorised Traction Operator, an Authorised Traction Live Line Worker, an Authorised Cable Jointer, or an Authorised Officer (Mains) who is authorised for the relevant duties. Refer to PR D 78701 Personnel Certifications – Electrical for details of relevant duties.
Authorised Person (Substations)
Means an Authorised Attendant, or an Authorised Operator, or an Authorised Officer (Substations), who is authorised for the relevant duties. Refer to PR D 78701 Personnel Certifications – Electrical for details of relevant duties.
Authorised Person in Charge of the Authority
The Authorised Person (Mains) who is authorised to and holds the Authority for Removal of Supply from 1500 Volt Sections.
Authority for Removal of Supply from 1500 Volt Sections (Authority)
The Sydney Trains form (refer to PR D 78302 FM01 Authority for Removal of Supply from 1500 Volt Sections), completed and signed, used whenever it is necessary to organise the isolation, proving dead and rail connecting of a section/subsection of the 1500 Volt overhead wiring system.
The process of assessing competence.
The consistent application of knowledge and skills to the standard of performance required in the workplace.
A warning notice attached to a controlling switch or other equipment as a warning not to operate such equipment where this could cause injury to staff or damage to equipment. This tag shall be a label, tape or other device with the word "DANGER" displayed on it along with other relevant details.
Below a voltage at which it is safe to apply earths or rail connections.
Separated from all sources of supply, but not necessarily isolated, earthed/rail connected or out of commission.
A section of 1500 Volt overhead wiring from which supply has been removed.
The space encapsulating all possible movements of the mobile plant under maximum unrestricted reach, including:
discharged to earth, discharged
Connected to earth (earthed) or short circuited for sufficient time to ensure that any energy stored in capacitors, or in the electrical equipment or the cable capacitance, is discharged.
Electrical equipment to which there are no electrical connections, and which cannot be made live by switching or the making of bridges.
Withdrawable type circuit breakers, switches and switch fuses become disconnected equipment when fully withdrawn.
Connected to the general mass of earth in the approved manner so as to ensure the immediate effective discharge of electrical energy in the event of the electrical equipment concerned being or becoming live.
Electrical Authorising Officer
A person who has been delegated by the Associate Director Electrical Distribution Unit as the Authorising Authority for specified personnel Authorisations, as detailed in PR D 78701 Personnel Certifications – Electrical.
Electrical Distribution System
The independent electricity distribution network operated by Sydney Trains as an integral part of its rail operations. The network interfaces with the high voltage networks of the external adjacent Distribution Network Service Providers (DNSP) and Transmission Network Service Provider (TNSP) via bulk supply points.
The network consists of aerial lines and underground cables and operates as a HVAC and LVAC power distribution network.
A person with the appropriate delegated authority and electrical engineering competence and experience to make judgements concerning electrical safety.
Electrical Network Safety Rules (ENSR)
Means the document RL D 79800 Electrical Network Safety Rules and supporting documents as referenced in that document.
An Electrical Permit to Work, a Substation Access Permit, Low Voltage Access Permit or variant as appropriate (refer to PR D 78500 Electrical Permits).
Electrical Permit to Work
The pre-printed form, completed and signed, which is issued by an Authorised Person to an Accredited Electrical Permit Holder, to define the high voltage mains or 1500 Volt overhead wiring and equipment near or on/within which work may be carried out. The work and the extent of the electrically safe work area are described on the form.
Electrical equipment which includes any generator, transformer, switchgear, reactor, capacitor, control gear, conductor, cable, rectifier or other electrical equipment, parts of which may normally be energised at a high voltage, low voltage or 1500 Volt DC.
Electrical System Operator (ESO)
The Sydney Trains Electrical System Operator, controlling the TAHE electrical system.
The actual physical work of:
electrical equipment on TAHE’s electrical system or the supervising of that work.
Exemptions to ‘electrical work’ are listed in the Work Health and Safety Regulation section 146.
Refer to live, alive, livened up.
exposed electrical equipment
Electrical equipment where approach to the normally live portion of the equipment is not prevented by a barrier, insulating material or an earthed metal shield.
extra low voltage
A nominal voltage not exceeding 50 Volt AC or 120 Volt ripple-free DC.
Insulated from earth, rail and all sources of supply but where failure of such insulation may result in it becoming live.
is a shrinkable plastic tube used to insulate wires, providing abrasion resistance and environmental protection for stranded and solid wire conductors, connections, joints and terminals in electrical work
height measuring stick
Insulated stick for measuring the height of live aerial conductors or electrical equipment. They are usually telescopic with the lower sections being hollow.
A nominal voltage exceeding low voltage.
1500 Volt DC is treated as a separate case in the Sydney Trains Electrical Network Safety Rules.
The Sydney Trains Control and Coordination Unit of Network Maintenance Division embedded within the Infrastructure Control Centre (ICON).
Production of a magnetic or electrical state in a body by proximity (without contact) of an electrified or magnetised body.
An item or assembly consisting of non-conductive material and any associated intermediate couplings, used for the purpose of mechanically connecting electrical equipment at different potentials.
Disconnected from all possible sources of supply by opening of switches, withdrawal of circuit breakers, removal of fuses, links, bridges and/or connections, and rendered incapable of being made live without premeditated and deliberate operation.
Is a Sydney Trains employee who has management responsibility, or in the case of a non Sydney Trains employee, “a person conducting a business or undertaking” (PCBU).
live, alive, livened up
Connected to a source of supply, or subject to hazardous induced or capacitive voltages.
live line work
All work performed on components of an aerial line or overhead wiring which is live, or capable of being energised, without implementing the full protective practice of isolating, proving de-energised and earthing/rail connecting at the worksite.
An operating instruction written for a specific item of electrical equipment. Local instructions are in place for electrical equipment for which the generic operating procedures, found in PR D 78203 High Voltage Operating Procedures and PR D 78305 1500 Volt Operating Procedures, are not sufficient.
A nominal voltage exceeding extra low voltage but not normally exceeding 1000 volts alternating or 1500 Volt DC.
1500 Volt DC is treated as a separate case in the Sydney Trains Electrical Safety System (RL D 79800 Electrical Network Safety Rules and related documents).
Low Voltage Access Permit (LV Access Permit)
The pre-printed form (PR D 78503 FM01 Low Voltage Access Permit), completed and signed, which is issued by an Authorised Person to define the low voltage electrical equipment near or on/within which work may be carried out. The work and the extent of the electrically safe work area are described on the form.
low voltage distribution system
A system comprising all the low voltage electric wiring, cables, aerial lines, accessories, fittings, consuming devices, control and protective gear and other equipment used by an Electrical Network Operator for the purpose of the conveyance to, measurement and control of, electricity in one or more installations. A low voltage distribution system may also include isolating transformers, the distribution main earthing system (e.g. bond to water pipe, bond to earth electrode, attached earthed LV equipment, and earth bonding to an overbridge or footbridge supporting 1500 Volt equipment), changeover contactors, metering equipment, and other equipment.
low voltage installation
All the low voltage electric wiring, accessories, fittings, consuming devices, control and protective gear and other equipment associated with the wiring situated in, on, or beyond any building, structure or premises to which electricity is supplied or is to be supplied through any one or more low voltage mains or submains from a substation or distribution aerial line. This includes substation general lighting and power but excludes equipment used for the transmission or distribution of electricity.
low voltage aerial line
A low voltage aerial conductor or conductors together with insulators, hardware, crossarms, or other associated electrical equipment erected, or in the course of erection, out-of-doors. A low voltage aerial line may be part of a low voltage distribution system or part of an installation.
Insulated aerial conductors which are part of an installation and which are erected between a pole or a building and a lighting pole, or between buildings, are not considered to be a low voltage aerial line.
Network Operating Protocol
An agreement between Electrical Distributors for the isolation and restoration of assets interfaced between the two organisations.
NSW Rail Assets
Has the same meaning as defined in The Charter of the Asset Management Branch of Transport for NSW (TfNSW).
OHW rail connection stick
A specific type of operating stick used for rail connecting, testing and bridging both live and isolated 1500 Volt DC overhead wiring conductors or equipment.
A pre-printed form (refer to PR D 78504 FM01 Operating Agreement), completed and signed which is issued by one Electrical Network Operator to another, as an undertaking that the listed electrical equipment will remain isolated, proved dead and, if required, earthed or rail connected as appropriate until the form is returned.
The work on the listed electrical equipment is carried out in accordance with the conditions specified on the Operating Agreement and the receiving Electrical Network Operator’s Safety Instructions and Permit System.
The set of electrical diagrams comprising 1500 Volt Sectioning diagrams, Substation AC Diagrams, Substation DC Diagrams, Reticulation and System Diagrams, Signalling and Lighting Feeder Diagrams.
operating stick (rod)
An insulated stick used for operating or working on live high voltage or 1500 Volt conductors or electrical equipment.
Work involving any of the following:
Operations Control Officer
The Train Control Officer having jurisdiction over the relevant portion of the rail system.
|Ordinary Person||A person who has not received training in, or demonstrated competency in, the specific hazards and risks associated with working around electrical equipment. Ordinary persons include those persons who have completed the Rail Industry Safety Induction (RISI) course and no other electrical awareness training or electrical courses.|
See aerial line.
Overhead Wiring or 1500 Volt Equipment or 1500 Volt Overhead Wiring or OHW
All 1500 Volt DC overhead wires and associated equipment that normally conducts, isolates or may be energised with a voltage of 1500 Volt DC including the secondary circuit of rectifier transformers. For the purpose of Safe Approach Distances, negative equipment which is normally at rail potential (connected to rail) is not considered to be 1500 Volt equipment.
overhead wiring structure
Any structure that supports or registers a catenary and/or contact wire attached to the dead side of 1500 Volt DC insulators, or supports ancillary equipment such as a field switch or surge arrester. These structures can include masts, portals, wood poles, overline bridges, embankments and tunnels.
Has the same meaning as ‘worker’ as defined in the Work Health and Safety Act 2011.
Person conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU)
Has the same meaning as ‘PCBU’ as defined in the Work Health and Safety Act 2011.
A pre-printed form used as follows:
portable earthing equipment
Portable HV aerial line earthing set or substation earthing set.
portable rail connecting equipment
A portable rail connecting equipment set consists of assemblies of insulated flexible cables and clamps and suitable insulated handles or sticks, which are used for connecting de-energised 1500 Volt Overhead Wiring to rail. The equipment is designed to be applied from ground level.
Professional Head Electrical Engineering, ESI
The Professional Head Electrical Engineering of the Sydney Trains Engineering System Integrity Division.
The process of proving that electrical equipment is dead.
rail connected or rail connections
The connection of the 1500 Volt overhead wiring to the negative return rail (traction rail) in the approved manner to ensure the immediate effective discharge of electrical energy from the 1500 Volt overhead wiring equipment to the rail in the event of the equipment concerned being, or becoming, live.
Approved rail mounted road/rail vehicle.
Railway Signalling Electric System
All the low voltage electric wiring, cables, aerial lines, accessories, fittings, consuming devices, control and protective gear and other equipment associated with the wiring, installed for the operation of railway signals, points and associated control equipment to which electricity is supplied, or is to be supplied, through any one or more low voltage service mains from a low voltage distribution system.
A Railway Signalling Electric System does not include:
A Railway Signalling Electric System generally commences at the secondary terminals of the isolating transformer(s), between the source of supply and the Railway Signalling Electric System.
Has the same meaning as ‘reasonably practicable’ as defined in the Work Health and Safety Act 2011.
The process of re-assessing competence. Recertification may occur at specified intervals, or as deemed necessary; for example, following an incident.
A person of sufficient level of responsibility who has the duty to manage risk to health and safety for works under their administration being the PCBU, duty holder, e.g. Sydney Trains Level 5 manager or Transport senior service manager. Further details on requirements can be found in Section 6 of SP D 79050 Safe Use of Mobile Plant around Electrical Equipment.
Safe Approach Distance (SAD)
The minimum separation, in air, from an exposed conductor or exposed electrical equipment that shall be maintained by a person, or any object held by or in contact with that person (other than insulated objects designed for contact with live conductors), or any mobile plant operated or controlled by that person.
Those earths that are applied to the electrical equipment as close as practicable to the points of isolation. It is not necessary that the conductors be continuous between the point at which the safety earths are applied and the worksite.
Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS)
A statement that:
section hut, sectioning hut
A building generally located between Substations containing dc circuit breakers providing protection and sectioning of the Overhead Wiring System and, on multiple tracks, improving voltage regulation.
Indicates that a statement is mandatory.
The connecting together of conductors by approved means to ensure that there can be no potential difference between the conductors.
short circuit and earth
The procedure for connecting conductors together and connecting them to earth by approved means so that the conductors are at earth potential.
The procedure for proving that a high voltage cable is dead prior to cutting the cable.
The running out of the conductor from the cable drum, lifting into aerial position and securing of the ends of the conductor which have been detached from the cable drum.
A substation, traction substation, transformer room, switchroom, sectioning hut, 1500 Volt link area, 1500 Volt switch area containing switches that connect DCCBs to OHW sections, pole or pad mounted transformer locations, containing either high voltage or 1500 Volt electrical equipment.
Substation Access Permit
The pre-printed form (PR D 78502 FM01 Substation Access Permit with two Personnel Registers and PR D 78502 FM03 Substation Access Permit with six Personnel Registers), completed and signed, which is issued by an Authorised Person to define the high voltage or 1500 Volt equipment near or on/within which work may be carried out. The work and the extent of the electrically safe work area are described on the form.
Substation Earthing Set
A set of earthing equipment used to electrically connect isolated high voltage equipment within TAHE substations to earth. Substation Earthing Sets have only three earthing heads and the cables come together at a plate designed for direct connection to an earthing point.
Supervision (of unauthorised persons)
Means the personal supervision of a worker on a direct and constant basis, within visual contact and/or earshot (audible range). Constant basis refers to the continuous supervision of tasks being performed for the first time and until skill is demonstrated for the complexity of the task and work environment.
General intermittent supervision
Means the worker does not require constant attendance of the supervisor but requires personal contact with an authorised person on a recurrent/periodic basis when working on electrical equipment. Recurrent/periodic basis means being under instruction and direction for tasks being performed with checks and tests being made prior to commissioning and/or energising of circuits and/or apparatus/equipment.
Means the worker does not require constant supervision but requires personal contact with an authorised person on at least a regular/occasional basis when working on electrical equipment. Regular/occasional basis means being under instruction and direction with checks being carried out on completion of multi-tasks and before energising of circuits and/or apparatus/equipment.
Technically Assured Organisation (TAO)
Means a legal entity (which may include a Rail Transport Agency as applicable) to whom the Asset Management Branch (AMB) has issued a TAO Authorisation.
Sydney Trains is a TAO.
Includes but is not limited to temporary: access platforms, barriers, catch platforms, cantilever platform bays, framework, formwork, landing platforms, loading platforms, scaffolding, stairways, support members and the like, used for construction works or working platforms. A temporary structure can be fixed, transportable or portable.
Temporary structure work(s)
Refers to the erection, alteration, or dismantling of a temporary structure and any associated rigid barriers.
Tiger Tails or temporary line covers
Pipe type cable covers used as a warning to visually indicate the position of low voltage aerial conductors and are not to be regarded as providing sufficient protection against electrical hazards
Means a "person employed as permanent full time" within TfNSW, Sydney Trains, NSW Trains or AMB.
traction rail (negative return rail)
The rail(s) by which a return path is provided for the 1500 Volt DC traction current from the train to the traction substation.
The area encompassing the normal height and width of mobile plant when travelling to or from a worksite.
Transport Senior Services Manager or above
The TfNSW employee directly associated with the work, and holds a TSS Manager, that has currency of knowledge about the project, people, process, tasks, hazards and work site conditions.
totally enclosed equipment
Electrical equipment in which the conductors can only be exposed by unbolting or unlocking covers or shutters which prevent normal access. Cables which have an earthed metallic sheath or screen are regarded as totally enclosed equipment.
Work that exists inside the SADs for an electrical asset and requires or may require contact with the normally live parts of the electrical equipment, either directly or indirectly.
Work that potentially creates a situation where there is a reasonable possibility of a person, either directly or through any conducting medium, coming closer than the relevant safe approach distances specified.
work in the vicinity of
Work at a distance greater than the Safe Approach Distance but still close enough that the presence of the electrical hazard is to be considered in the planning of the work.
Has the same meaning as defined in the Work Health and Safety Act and as such includes all employees, contractors, subcontractors or an employee of a contractor or subcontractor.
Earths that are applied to all conductors on which the work is being carried out, on each side of the worksite, in order to ensure equipotential conditions at the worksite.
Working High Voltage Instruction (WHVI)
The Sydney Trains form (refer to PR D 78202 FM01 Working High Voltage Instruction (WHVI)), completed and signed, for work to be carried out on high voltage conductors or cables outside substations.
Holds qualification – TAESS00015 Skill set, or an equivalent qualification.
No documents available.